Mayo Clinic Q and A: Staying safe while running

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DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I’m training for my first long-distance race, and I want to be safe on my runs. Unfortunately, due to where I live, the weather is often a challenge. On other days, I’m finding I cannot get in my miles until after dusk. I’m wondering if you have any advice for staying injury-free in cold, rainy or dark conditions?

ANSWER: Training for a distance race means logging a lot of miles — sometimes in cold, rainy or hot weather, sometimes in the early morning or in the evening, sometimes on streets or country roads. No matter the weather, time of day or route, taking precautions to be safe during all your training runs is important.

There are many things to consider safety-wise when outdoors, but among the top on my list are being visible, whether to drivers, bicyclists or other runners on the road or trail; preventing injury; and being able to summon help if you need it.

You can address these concerns by developing and practicing safe running habits. Having the proper basic gear — down to your socks and shoes — is essential. Also, take advantage of high-tech gadgets designed for runners, such as LED-enhanced gear for running at night and phone apps to track your progress and help motivate you.

Preparing to run

•Dress for the weather and be aware of the forecast. Weather conditions can change rapidly, so consider adding lightweight rain gear or extra gloves to a cinch bag you carry with you.

•Be visible. Wear bright colors. In poor light conditions, consider reflective or LED-lighted gear. Check out these products at your local sporting goods store, a running specialty shop or online. Some safety gear includes lighted shoe clips, wrist bands, knuckle lights, vests and headlamps, as well as reflective vests and wrist slap bands.

•Wear well-fitting shoes and low-friction socks. Check out these tips for making sure your shoes fit properly. This video demonstrates how your running motion affects your shoe fit. Determining your arch type also will help you choose the best shoes. Your shoes are going to get a workout as you train. In general, a pair of running shoes lasts 400 to 500 miles or three to four months. Keep an eye on the midsoles and outsoles. If they’re compressed or worn, it’s time to buy a new pair.

•Apply anti-chafing agents to those “tender” areas. When you run, body parts can rub together or against clothing. This causes friction, which wears away your skin. Sweat can increase chafing. Places to consider protecting include the inner thighs, groin and nipples.

•Let someone know your route and what time you expect to return. Vary your routes for safety and to keep you from getting bored during your training runs.

•Consider running in a group for safety, training camaraderie and motivation.

Helpful gadgets

•Carry pepper spray if running in isolated areas or if there are aggressive dogs along your route.

•Take a fully charged phone with you. Not only is the phone for your safety, but it also can help your motivation and pace if paired with music, podcasts or any of the many training apps available to runners. If your phone isn’t ideal, consider a wearable device, like a watch, that may have the capabilities of your phone and allow you to make a call for help.

•Use wearable identification with name, address, phone number, emergency contacts and medical information. In a medical emergency, if you can’t speak for yourself, first responders can immediately contact family members and communicate medical conditions or allergy information to medical staff.

Tips while running

•Always stay alert and aware of what’s going on around you.

•Keep earbud volume low so you can hear sounds around you.

•When running along roads, follow all traffic rules. Run against the traffic and not with the traffic, run defensively, and be prepared to take evasive action.

•Look both ways at intersections. Make eye contact with drivers stopped at intersections before crossing.

•On multiuse trails, follow the rules of the road. If you alter your direction, look over your shoulder before crossing the path to avoid colliding with a passing runner or cyclist.

•Announce your approach when overtaking and passing other runners.

•Avoid unlit areas, especially at night, and run clear of parked cars and bushes.

•Ignore verbal harassment; keep your distance and keep moving.

•Trust your intuition about a person or an area.


Karla Marley, Physical Therapy, Mayo Clinic Health System, La Crosse, Wisconsin